27BC-AD14 Roman invade and occupy ( Barcino Barcelona)
3rd C Barcino (Barcelona) becomes the most important Roman outpost.
415 Visigoths invade and conquer and then rename the city Barcinona
8th C Moors invade and conquer.
9th C Barcelona invaded again this time by the Franks who conquer and occupy the
Late 9th C Barcelona is ruled by Count Wilfred the Hairy.
988 Barcelona receives it's independence.
1000-1200 Barcelona becomes a major trading port for the Mediterranean.
13th C The Construction of the Cathedral de la Seu begins
14th C Barcelona goes to war with Genoa
1327 Jaume II dies
1336-1387 Barcelona see a boom in the city under the reign of Pere III.
1391 A massacre of Barcelona’s Jewish community takes place.
1479-1516 Barcelona looses it'spower and Influence moves to Castile
1640 Catalonia allies itself to Louis XIII of France during a Catalan revolt against
the Spanish monarchy.
1652 Siege of Barcelona ends the Catalan rebellion, the siege is carried out by Don
Juan José from Austria
1680 barcelona / Spain goes to war against France
1690 A further war breaks out againt France
1705-1714 War of Independence breaks out , Barcelona has an alliance with England
11 Sep 1714 Philip V of Spain invaded and conquers Catalonia.
18th C Barcelona begins trading with the Americas and this see the start of the
cotton and textile industries.
18th C Napoleonic Wars
1821 Seea an outbreak of Yellow fever .
1848 First Spanish railway is constructed between Barcelona and Madrid.
1868 Spanish revolution
1888 Barcelona hosts the World Exhibition.
1901 and 1902 sees general strikes held throughout the city
1909 Riots break out in the city and several buildings are burned down during them.
1931 A Left wing coalition force King Alfonso XIII in to exile.
1936 The Spanish Civil War begins , During which he led the Falangists against the
republicans and won.
1960 Seeing booming times in Barcelona a nd a huge influx of imgrients arrive looking
1977 Catalonia receives some self-government under the Estatut de Autonomia
1982 Barcelona awarded the 1992 Olympic Games
1992 Olympic Games held in Barcelona
1993-2000 Barcelona becomes one of the top destinations in all Europe.
2006 Barcelona finally pays off paying or the Olympic Games
Barcelona a city with a checkered history but has emerged from it all with a bright
future but a very colourful paste from the times way back when Castilian kings were
firing cannon balls into the city as all as other crazy acts the city was shadowed
by the other bigger cities of Spain like Madrid.
Founded around 230 BC, most likely by the Carthaginians but invaded several times
over the centuries
In the 12th century, Catalunya became a rich from trading in the Americas and continuities
to prosper right into the middle of the 14th century, when Barcelona ruled a mini-empire
stretching from Sicily to the Balearics and including Malta, French regions as well
as parts of Greece but it did not last to long, by the 15th century it fell apart
like all great empires do. Barcelona was no longer permitted to trade with the Americas
so hard times fell apon the city.
A 1462 rebellion devastated the city of Barcelona, around this time the peasants
had had enough and started to revolt.
Barcelona again fell in 1714 following another siege which saw the banning of the
After 1778 Catalunya was permitted to trade with America, and the region's fortunes
started to get better.
The following decades saw the city rise from the ashes, This followed an birth explosion
among Barcelona's population - In 1800 it stood at 115,000 but by 1900 it had risen
to over half a million
and a million by 1930.
1931 sees the forming of the Second Republic and a short time later Catalan nationalists
declare a republic. Catalunya briefly gained genuine autonomy and for nearly a year
revolutionary anarchists as well as the Workers Marxist Unification Party ran the
town. but it did not last plagued by infighting which destroyed any chance they may
have had of defeating Franco's fascist militia. Barcelona, the last stronghold of
the Republicans, fell to Franco's forces in January 1939, and the civil war ended
several months later.
Rather than surrendering to the forces of Franco, thousands of Catalans crossed the
borders into France and Andorra as well as else where.
Franco wasted no time in taking revenge for their betrayal , banning the language
and importing immigrants from Andalucía in the hope of diluting the population so
the desire for independence, would be squashed but the plan did not work out to well
as the migrants' turned out to be more loyal to the Catalan than to Franco an supported
the independence movement.
Catalan survived and was revived, the Generalitat, or local parliament, was reinstated,
and today, people gather to dance the now unbanned sardana. While some people still
call for independence, it remains just that a call for, Barcelona is todays most
happening city and seems set to stay that way for the foreseeable future.